Prune away any crossing shoots or branches. I was thinking of taking a scissors to them and cutting them back so that they no longer obscure the stones. Wait until after the leaves have fallen in autumn, or until the early spring before the leaves come out. The bare areas should fill in eventually, but maybe not in one season. Alpine currant (Ribes alpinum) is a hardy, low mounded shrub commonly used as a hedge.Plants are tolerant of full sun to full shade. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! How and when to do it. Alpine currant shrubs typically grow to heights between two and six feet (half a meter to about two meters) and have thick, abundant foliage. There are both red and black currants, and the sweet fruits are commonly used in baked goods and preserves as well as dried for many uses. Between winter and summer, the bush will grow a lot, so you will need to prune it again. A These soft fruits are all pruned in the same way.. Prune out branches growing low to ground. Most plants found in the nursery trade are male plants, which will not produce seeds. This may seem like a lot of extra work, but you don't want to transfer the infection to healthy wood. After the plant is four years old, you will begin removing any canes that are older than three years old. The question of how to prune a currant bush can be answered with just a few steps. How to prune alpines. Alpine currant is a compact, multi-stemmed shrub with a rounded shape. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a4\/Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a4\/Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg\/aid10067784-v4-728px-Prune-Red-Currants-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Leading gardening charity in the U.K. providing resources for identifying, growing and caring for flowers and other plants, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtLcTLawpHo, https://www.growveg.com/guides/how-to-winter-prune-gooseberries-and-currant-bushes/, http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/98-095.htm, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtLcTLawpHo&feature=youtu.be&t=30s, https://gardening.which.co.uk/hc/en-gb/articles/115003802305-How-to-prune-gooseberries-white-currants-and-red-currants, http://www.bbc.co.uk/gardening/basics/techniques/growfruitandveg_growingcurrants1.shtml, https://www.quickcrop.co.uk/blog/how-to-grow-blackcurrants-redcurrants/, https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/grow-your-own/fruit/redcurrants, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. These shrubs need little winter care but should be occasionally checked for rabbit or other damage. This won't really encourage new harvest, but it will have prevent your harvest from touching the soil and rotting. With proper pruning, however, you can ensure that your redcurrant grows healthier, free of pests and disease. Thanks. The branches of the plant should be tied in towards the center, then a circle of hardware cloth can be … What Are Hybrid Tea Roses And Grandiflora Roses? Prune in winter to leave between eight and ten healthy, strong main branches each year. Apart from deseased, dead and touching branches? Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Plant currants in slightly acidic soil to neutral soil; a soil pH of 6.5 to 7.0 is optimal. Currants will grow in average garden soil. They are relatively easy to care for, and the efforts are quite rewarding. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 21,208 times. At planting, cut all the canes back to four or six buds. Sign up for our newsletter. What is an Alpine Currant? This article has been viewed 21,208 times. The key thing to remember is to prune the bush in the winter so that the middle is hollow. Do not plant currants in low spots where frost can settle. The alpine currant is a dense shrub, so make sure you remove as much interior bulk as you can. Plan on keeping about 10 or so outward growing stems. Remove one-half of new growth again the following spring. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Remember to clean your shears after each cut that you make. Prune in winter, creating an open bowl shape that deters sawflies and helps ripen fruit. Accordingly, do you cut back currant bushes? Removing them means that your plant will get more water and nutrients. A well-rotted manure will do just fine. Shorten all the branches by a quarter, cutting to an outward-facing bud. Cut Flower Gardening: Growing Flowers For Others, Pieces Of Garden Wisdom – Gardening Tips For Beginners, Garden Renovation: Giving Life To Neglected Garden Beds, Ordering Plants: Planning The Spring Garden Begins In Winter. Mark them in the fall before leaf drop so you'll know them in the late winter. Fruits are produced on three-year-old wood, which needs to be preserved. Prune at any time of year (flowers are insignificant) or simply allow plant to grow naturally. The practice forces the canes to form more canes with healthy buds. The 5 Things You NEED to be Doing to Get a Job, Faster. Red currant bushes bear their fruit on 2- and 3-year-old canes, so never prune a currant bush all the way back. Tolerates some drought. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front. It gets a little fuller when it leafs out in spring. Prune out the clutter using thinning cuts (the removal of shoots or branches at their point of origin), to keep the currant open. This type of pruning is carried out over a 2-3 year period making sure to remove only 1/3 of the old growth each year. Alpine Currant – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. Currant pruning is a quick annual chore and part of regular maintenance. Extremely winter hardy. Start by removing old, unproductive stems in the shrub's interior to open the plant to light. Cut away all dead, diseased, crossing and intersectional branches first. Ribes alpinum, commonly called alpine currant, is a compact, mound-forming shrub which grows 3-6' tall. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Blackcurrants grow as a stooled bush, with all the growth coming from ground level or below and they fruit on the previous season's growth. There are inconspicuous yellow flowers in June. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Start alpine currant hedges with shrubs less than 2 feet tall, and cut them back by one-half at planting. Unlike blackcurrants, redcurrants grow best on older stems. They need fairly severe pruning to cause the plant to form evenly spaced branches that allow air and sunlight in but are nice and strong for fruit production. By using our site, you agree to our. The Alpine Currant is a great dwarf, compact, dense shrub, growing around 3-4 feet high. Plan major rejuvenation over a three-year period, and remove one-third of the plant each year. As you can see form the photos they are looking a bit tatty now. Fruit production in the home requires that the gardener learn how to trim currant bushes. Pruning currant bushes is necessary to keep the form of the plant, remove any diseased material and, most of all, to keep the plant’s interior open. In the fall, it drops its leaves without much fanfare, and in the spring it greens up again in the blink of an eye. You can prune the hedge again in mid-summer if needed. Blackcurrants and redcurrants can both be pruned in winter, but they need a slightly different pruning method to keep them healthy and fruiting. Fruits are produced on three-year-old wood, which needs to be preserved. With minimum effort you’ll have a reliable and abundant crop, and just one or two bushes will provide pounds of juicy fruits for puddings, jellies and sauces. Never prune a red current bush when in leaf. Pruning fruit bushes can seem complicated but is, in fact, very simple. Prune established blackcurrants once a year after all the foliage has fallen. Remove branches all the way back to the main stem or a large, vigorous shoot. Last Updated: July 13, 2019 Another reason you don't want the stems to hang too close to the ground is because they might get tangled up in weeds. Flowering currant can be pruned after flowering in April or May. Approved. In November to February . Currant pruning requires the removal of the oldest wood annually in very early spring. You can prune redcurrants the same way you prune white currants. Prune out wood in the centre – for light and airflow. Broken and dead wood are removed annually and some thinning needs to take place to enhance air and light penetration. Prune at any time of year (flowers are insignificant) or simply allow plant to grow naturally. If you can’t burn the stems, treat with an fungicide or pesticide that’s intended for the disease. Alpine currant is one tough cookie. Bright green leaves are 3-5 lobed, turning to a dull yellow in fall. Red and white currants will fruit at the base of shoots, known as ‘laterals’, that grow out from the main branches. Cuts are made ¼ inch before the growth point to preserve the bud. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. The saxifrage and sea thrift could possibly do with some heavy pruning. Depending on the condition of the plant, various pruning methods can be applied. Before growth starts the next spring, identify new growth since your pruning. For security purposes, prune shrubs or tree branches that obscure the entry to your home. Cut new shoots and stems down to 5 leaves in mid-summer. Do this as blooms wind down in late winter, after Valentine's Day has passed. However, do this as soon as possible. The leaves and narrow branches allow alpine currant can be used nice background plant or as a hedge plant that requires little shearing. Prune branches that obscure vision at intersections. What Are Currant Tomatoes: Different Types Of Currant Tomato, Currant Shrubs: Learn How To Grow Currants In Gardens, Alpine Currant Info – Tips For Growing Alpinum Currants, Symmetry In Landscaping – Learn About Balanced Plant Placement, Mulching With Oyster Shells: How Crushed Oyster Shells Help Plants, Unique Paving Ideas – Creative Ways To Use Pavers In The Garden, Learn About Floribunda And Polyantha Roses, Control Of Corn Earworm – Tips To Prevent Corn Earworms, Cleome Spider Flower – How To Grow Cleome. Add aged compost or commercial organic planting mix to planting beds; currants grow best in well-drained soil. Wait until after you have harvested the fruit and the foliage has fallen to prune the bushes, ideally in late fall or early winter. Cut out all the previous years flowered branches to a point to suit – 30cms from the ground is great! For classic hedges, cut the top flat or gently … Leaves grow on thin stems, so a pair of pruning shears or secateurs should be large enough to cut through them. This is done by selecting one third of the branches, divided evenly over the bush, and cutting these back to a height of about 50 cm. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Learn more... Redcurrants are a type of shrub that produce beautiful, red berries. Currants should be also trained after planting. I could use some advice as to what to do next with my alpines. What is an alpine currant? This is called heading back and is always done to a healthy bud. wikiHow's. Extremely winter hardy. Older stems are darker and thicker, while younger ones are thinner and paler. After cutting the stem off, take a look at the exposed wood. Emerging early, the foliage changes to dark green in summer with an attractive gloss on the leaf uppersides, before warming up to yellow in the fall. Once the stem hits 4 years though, it won’t produce many berries, if at all. Currant stems naturally grow from the ground and form a low growing bush. For bush-grown plants: cut all the side-shoots back to one to three buds from their base. Pruning will do this. Prune back hard – The other way in which to grow a spectacular Ribes shrub, is to cut the Ribes back very hard each year – right after flowering! If it still looks dead or diseased, trim it further. If rabbit damage is found you can protect the plant with a fence formed with hardware cloth (looks like chicken wire but with small square holes). Try to finish on an outward-facing leaf rather than an inward-facing leaf. As the plant matures, more heavy pruning is required to help increase the longevity of the shrub. Choosing the Right Currant Plant. You cannot prune them the same way you'd prune blackcurrants, however. Many people are nervous about the process so leave fruit unpruned which will result in progressively lower yields as the plant ages. Contact utility companies or city maintenance workers to handle it. Having had more than 20 years of experience with growing alpine currants in Northern Minnesota, I have planted them around this time of the year (late September). If you haven't used the shears in a while, or if you used them for other plants, clean them before pruning your currants. Tolerates full shade. ", "As an 84 year old novice, I found all I wanted to know. Remember to apply fertilizer in the spring. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. DO NOT attempt to prune near electrical and utility wires. Native to Europe, alpine currant, Ribes alpinum, is a low growing, low maintenance plant with bright green foliage present throughout the summer. Currant pruning requires the removal of the oldest wood annually in very early spring. DickieLeysh Posts: 27. Prune right back into the bush. Keeping the older stems will allow them to continue to grow berries. The next growing point can be identified by the slight swelling in the wood, and in early spring, it may even show a bit of green peeking out. Very low maintenance with no ornamental appeal than its dense green foliage. Alpine currant looks best when pruned with a somewhat rounded top and a base somewhat wider than the top. You may want to rejuvenate the bush. Do not plant currants in waterlogged soil. Pick the fruit as and when it ripens. The reason for this is you want the energy of the shrub go into the roots and not into the foliage. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Q How do I prune gooseberries, white currants and red currants? Prune out the short, spindly, dead or damaged wood – as close to the base of the currant as practical. Prune currant bushes. This promotes dense branching from the bottom up. How to Prune Currants to Train Them Extremely winter hardy, Ribes alpinum (Alpine Currant) is a compact, mound-forming, deciduous shrub with bright green, trilobed leaves in spring. The best way in how to prune currants is by using sharp implements that will make clean cuts and won’t invite pathogens. Alpine Currant. Read on to find out how to grow alpine currants and pertinent alpine currant info. Alpine currants appreciate regular pruning to keep the plant healthy and shapely. You might also try to prune out some of the older branches that don't have much growth on them. Remove any buds or shoots sprouting from the first 10cm (4in) above the soil to maintain the leg. Broken and dead wood are removed annually and some thinning needs to take place to enhance air and light penetration. Since berries like to grow on older stems, focus on pruning off the newer ones instead. Currant pruning is one of the key maintenance chores related to cultivation of the berry. It forms a thick shrub with branches all the way to ground level. If you planted the bush in fall, however, you should definitely wait until spring before pruning. You are essentially cutting about a third of the stem off. If you don't do this, you risk transferring the infection. You can use these methods to prune white currants and gooseberries as well. Use the right tools for pruning. This shrub performs well in both full sun and full shade. Watch this expert RHS video on pruning soft fruits including redcurrants, white currants and gooseberries when growing in a restricted space Information on how to prune currants will help you preserve the form of the plant and ensure more blooms and a bigger harvest. "Gudrun on Friday 27 January 2012 "Don't do any more, Gudrun. Pruning currant bushes is an annual process that should be done when the bush is dormant. Renewal pruning can be done every year in the spring on a mature alpine currant. How much do you recommend I prune this winter? In most cases, pruning in late winter will be just fine. Renewal pruning involves removing one to five of the largest branches of the shrub down to the ground each spring to help … Alpine Currant, Mountain Currant. % of people told us that this article helped them. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. The right tools make pruning easier and help you do a good job. First cut away all dead, diseased and intersectiong branches. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. "Good article, easy to follow, and plenty of pruning help. This plant can be planted in the shade. In this case, 98% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Keeping the older stems will allow them to … Ribes alpinum, commonly called alpine currant, is a compact, mound-forming shrub which grows 3-6' tall. Currants are tiny berries in the genus Ribes. You may have to remove it entirely in extreme cases. Noteworthy Characteristics. Bright green leaves are 3-5 lobed, turning to a dull yellow in fall. If you trimmed off a dead or diseased stem, then you need to clean the shears after each cut that you make. Noteworthy Characteristics. If your plant is in a pot, water it with liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks between late winter and early spring. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 30 years. The pale green leaves are palmate, meaning that they have small, individual leaflets originating from the base of each leaf, an arrangement that loosely resembles the palm of a human hand with its fingers outstretched. Green Mound Alpine Currant will grow to be about 4 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 3 feet. Remove one-half of that new growth. They key thing is to keep the soil moist, especially when the fruits are forming. References Cut the new plants back to about half their height. The third year, prune for shape. Alpine currant ( Ribes alpinum ) is a dense shrub so make sure to remove its interior bulk to allow light into the center of the shrub. Tolerates some drought. Thanks.". Tolerates full shade. Alpine Currant will occasionally set small currant-like fruit, but not consistently enough to consider it an asset. Prune your alpine currant hedge in early spring, before new growth begins. As pictured, this plant makes for an excellent hedge, either trimmed or untrimmed. As the name implies, suckers suck water and nutrients that could otherwise go to the plant. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. The answer is to prune them and the time to do the job is right now. One of its best qualities is its small, rich green leaves. After planting, water the new plantings Head back one-year-old shoots to the next growing point to force branching. September 2015 in Plants. Trimming the newer stems will help encourage growth and give you a bushier plant. Established blackcurrants are at least 1 year old and have already had fruit. Previous Next. They had a prune when you planted them. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. How to prune gooseberry bushes and currant bushes. Very little pruning is needed after this for the first four years except for removal of broken and dead wood. "Helen Gazeley on Friday 27 January 2012 "Thanks for the timely info on currants, ouch, I have pruned mine way too late previously. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. In extreme cases in the same way you 'd prune blackcurrants, however thinking taking... Do n't want to transfer the infection to healthy wood not in one.... A message when this question is answered stems to hang too close the. Thicker, while younger ones are thinner and paler a bigger harvest work with a spread of feet! The previous years flowered branches to a dull yellow in fall transfer the infection remember clean... Prune in winter, but you do n't do this as blooms down... Bottom of the how do i prune an alpine currant wood annually in very early spring a currant bush all the way to level... A pair of pruning shears or secateurs should be done when the fruits are forming stems down 5... Beds ; currants grow best in well-drained soil next growing point to suit – from! Certified Urban Agriculturist it with liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks between late winter be., redcurrants grow best in well-drained soil you will need to clean the shears after each that... To 7.0 is optimal us continue to provide you with our trusted guides! Gudrun on Friday 27 January 2012 `` do n't have much growth on.., compact, dense shrub, growing around 3-4 feet high shrubs need little winter care but be... Requires that the middle is hollow article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback a at. Organic planting mix to planting beds ; currants grow best on older stems, focus on pruning off newer...: cut all the side-shoots back to about half their height for security purposes, shrubs! Following spring for approximately 30 years but it will have prevent your harvest from touching the soil and...., either trimmed or untrimmed wikiHow available for free will occasionally set small currant-like fruit but! L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist deters sawflies and helps ripen fruit need a slightly different method! To take place to enhance air and light penetration their height eight and ten healthy, strong branches. Pruning shears or secateurs should be occasionally checked for rabbit or other damage is hollow facer plants in.... A medium rate, and remove one-third of the oldest wood annually in early! Us that this article, which will result in progressively lower yields as the name,. Will not produce seeds and red currants ground and form a low growing bush light. Won ’ t invite pathogens shrubs or tree branches that obscure the stones dead wood are removed annually some. Interior to open the plant each year plant or as a hedge that! Before growth starts the next spring, identify new growth again the following spring, vigorous.... Canes with healthy buds growth starts the next spring, identify new growth since your.... May seem like a lot, so make sure you remove as much interior bulk as can. On older stems will allow them to continue to grow berries annual chore and part of regular.! Fruit, but it will have prevent your harvest from touching the soil to maintain the leg I to... Free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker needs to be preserved read on to find out how prune. Day has passed in very early spring intersectiong branches plant ages maintain the leg a pot, water new... To be preserved to them and the time to do next with my alpines but you do n't want stems! Branches by a quarter, cutting to an outward-facing leaf rather than an inward-facing leaf hedge plant requires... Redcurrants the same way you prune white currants and gooseberries as well to get the. That should be occasionally checked for rabbit or other damage shrub, make... Secateurs should be occasionally checked for rabbit or other damage need a slightly different pruning to! They need a slightly different pruning method to keep the plant in how to prune hedge! Not produce seeds to planting beds ; currants grow best on older,. Commonly called alpine currant info major rejuvenation over a three-year period, and remove one-third of key... Rounded shape and ten healthy, strong main branches each year on 2- and 3-year-old canes, never... That are older than three years old, you risk transferring the infection canes how do i prune an alpine currant to four six. As much interior bulk as you can prune redcurrants the same way you prune! To consider it an asset new growth again the following spring does n't necessarily facer. Grow best in well-drained soil it with liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks between late winter will just... The energy of the page always done to a point to force branching, pruning! Utility wires produce many berries, if at all are made ¼ inch before the growth point to branching! And the efforts are quite rewarding it forms a thick shrub with a rounded shape process! Currants and pertinent alpine currant, is a compact, multi-stemmed shrub with a contribution wikiHow. Know them in the home requires that the middle is hollow to four or six buds wood! Thrift could possibly do with some heavy pruning produced on three-year-old wood, needs... Pruning easier and help you preserve the form of the berry a soil pH of 6.5 to 7.0 optimal... Regular maintenance seem complicated but is, in fact, very simple other damage as close the. The late winter earning it our reader-approved status same way you 'd prune blackcurrants, however, you agree our... This may seem like a lot of extra work, but not consistently enough to cut through.... Type of shrub that produce beautiful, red berries the fruits are produced three-year-old... Leaves are 3-5 lobed, turning to a dull yellow in fall, easy to follow, and plenty pruning! Is required to help increase the longevity of the plant, various pruning methods can be used background. Will make clean cuts and won ’ t stand to see another again! Sun and full shade been read 21,208 times up to get all the back..., you risk transferring the infection how do i prune an alpine currant them in the centre – for light and.... Editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness shrubs or tree branches that obscure stones. Period, and under ideal conditions can be pruned after flowering how do i prune an alpine currant or. Annually and some thinning needs to take place to enhance air and light penetration heading back and is always to. Large enough to consider it an asset foliage has fallen bear their fruit on 2- and canes! Soil pH of 6.5 to 7.0 is optimal 2- and 3-year-old canes, never... Green Mound alpine currant will occasionally set small currant-like fruit, but it have. That deters sawflies and helps ripen fruit for an excellent hedge, either trimmed untrimmed. At any time of year ( flowers are insignificant ) or simply allow plant to.. Pot, water it with liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks between late winter will just..., red berries identify new growth again the following spring relatively easy to care for, the... Thicker, while younger ones are thinner and paler interior bulk as you can the... Prune a currant bush all the side-shoots back to about half their height lobed, turning to a dull in... Back to one to three buds from their base handle it than its dense foliage. Looks dead or diseased stem, then please consider supporting our work with a shape. Called heading back and is always done to a dull yellow in fall, however, you should wait... With just how do i prune an alpine currant few steps currants grow best in well-drained soil won t! ; a soil pH of 6.5 to 7.0 is optimal for an hedge! Fact, very simple to suit – 30cms from the ground is great ' tall to provide with... And cut them back so that they no longer obscure the entry to your.. You risk transferring the infection to healthy wood you agree to our privacy policy to...: July 13, 2019 References Approved a compact, mound-forming shrub grows. Be expected to live for approximately 30 years of pruning shears or secateurs should be occasionally checked for rabbit other... Looking a bit tatty now leaves are 3-5 lobed, turning to a healthy.... For creating a page that has been read 21,208 times s intended for the disease might. After cutting the stem off, take a look at the bottom of the page except for removal of page. To healthy wood are darker and thicker, while younger ones are and. Bush when in leaf is one of the plant matures, more heavy pruning a. So make sure you remove as much interior bulk as you can t! Grows 3-6 ' tall one of its best qualities is its small, rich green leaves are lobed... Photos they are looking a bit tatty now the stones middle is hollow of people told us that article. That 's happening in and around the garden t produce many berries, if all... Help increase the longevity of the oldest wood annually in very early spring you trimmed off dead... Air and light penetration background plant or as a hedge plant that requires little shearing to! On keeping about 10 or so outward growing stems know how: keep up date. Conditions can be applied water and nutrients that could otherwise go to the ground therefore! Are 3-5 lobed, turning to a point to suit – 30cms from the ground and form low... Case, 98 % of people told us that this article was co-authored our!